Leptopelis notatus

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Nom binominal

Leptopelis notatus
(Buchholz & Peters In Peters, 1875)


Statut de conservation UICN

( LC )
LC  : Préoccupation mineure

Leptopelis notatus est une espèce d’amphibiens de la famille des Arthroleptidae.

Cette espèce se rencontre dans le sud-est du Nigeria, au Cameroun, en Guinée équatoriale, au Gabon, au Congo-Brazzaville, dans l’ouest du Congo-Kinshasa et dans le nord de l’Angola.

Les mâles mesurent de 42 à 50 mm et les femelles de 60 à 74 mm.

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Sir Julius Vogel Award

The Sir Julius Vogel Awards are awarded each year at the New Zealand National Science Fiction Convention to recognise achievement in New Zealand science fiction, fantasy, horror, and science fiction fandom. They are commonly referred to as the Vogels.

The awards are named for Sir Julius Vogel, a prominent New Zealand journalist and politician, who was Premier of New Zealand twice during the 1870s. He also, in 1889, wrote what is widely (though erroneously) regarded as New Zealand’s first science fiction novel, Anno Domini 2000, or, Woman’s Destiny. The book — written and published in Great Britain after Vogel had moved from New Zealand — pictured a New Zealand in the year 2000 where most positions of authority were held by women – at the time of writing, a radical proposition. In 2000, New Zealand’s Head of State, Governor General, Prime Minister, Chief Justice and Attorney General were all women, as was the CEO of one of the country’s largest companies, Telecom.

National awards have been presented annually since 1989, but were initially simply known as the New Zealand Science Fiction Fan Awards, and were originally aimed primarily at fandom rather than at professional science fiction. In these early years the awards were organised on an ad-hoc basis by the organising committees of the national conventions, though with the support of the former national fan organisation, the National Association for Science Fiction which nominally ran the awards from 1993. In the early 1990s the awards were briefly known as the Edmund Bayne Awards, after a well-known Wellington fan who had been killed in a road accident, but this name was never formalised.

In 2002 the awards were revamped and reorganised, and since that time have been aimed more at the professional science fiction and fantasy community. The current name also dates to 2002. These changes accompanied a change in the organisation of the awards, which are now formally run by national organisation SFFANZ (the Science Fiction and Fantasy Association of New Zealand).

Categories change to some extent on an annual basis, but generally include professional awards for best novel, short story, dramatic presentation, and services to science fiction, as well as equivalent fan awards. Due to the size of New Zealand’s science fiction, fantasy, and horror fiction communities, the awards cover all three of these frequently intertwined genres and attempt to treat each equally.

Tyler, Texas

Tyler is a city in and the county seat of Smith County, Texas, United States. It takes its name from President John Tyler. This city had a population of 96,900 in 2010, according to the United States Census Bureau. Tyler’s 2014 estimated population is 107,405. It is 100 miles (160 km) east-southeast of Dallas. Tyler is the principal city of the Tyler Metropolitan Statistical Area, with a population of 209,714 in 2010, and the regional center of the Tyler-Jacksonville combined statistical area, with a population of 260,559 in 2010.

Tyler has the nickname „Rose Capital of the World“. It gained this name due to the large quantity of rose bushes processed through the area, along with hosting America’s largest rose garden.

In 1985, the international Adopt-a-Highway movement originated in Tyler when, after appeals by local Texas Department of Transportation officials, the local Civitan chapter adopted a two-mile (3-km) stretch of U.S. Highway 69. Tyler is also home to the Caldwell Zoo and Broadway Square Mall.

As a regional educational and technology center, Tyler is the host for more than 20,000 higher education students, a College of Engineering, and a University Health Science Center, two regional, billion-dollar hospital systems, and a variety of technology startups.

Tyler is located at at 544 feet (166 m) above sea level. Tyler is surrounded by many smaller cities, including Whitehouse, Lindale, New Chapel Hill, Bullard, Edom, Brownsboro, and Chandler.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 54.4 square miles (140.8 km2), of which, 54.2 mi2 (140.5 km2) of it is land and 0.1 mi2(0.3 km2²) of it is covered by water.

Tyler experiences weather typical of East Texas, which is unpredictable, especially in the spring. All of East Texas has the humid subtropical climate typical of the American South.

The record high for Tyler is 115 °F (46 °C), which occurred in 2011. The record low for Tyler is −3 °F (−19 °C), which occurred on January 18, 1930.

As of the 2010 census, 96,900 people resided in the city of Tyler, Texas. The population density was 1,782.0 people per square mile (688.0/km²). The 41,742 housing units averaged a density of 716.7 per mi2(276.7/km²). The racial makeup of the city was: 60.5% White, 24.8% Black, 0.5% Native American, 1.9% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 10.3% from other races, and 2.0% from two or more races. About 21.2% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. The median income for the city was $42,752 and the poverty rate was 19.5%.

According to the city’s most recent Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, the city’s various funds had $87.7 million in revenues, $101.7 million in expenditures, $49.2 million in total assets, $12.3 million in total liabilities, and $17.6 million in cash in investments.

The structure of the management and coordination of city services is:

The Northeast Texas Public Health District is a political subdivision under the State of Texas established by the City of Tyler and Smith County. In place for nearly 70 years, the Health District became a separate entity in 1994, with an administrative Public Health Board. With a stated vision „To be the Healthiest Community in Texas“, the district has a full-time staff of over 130 employees. The Health District has a broad range of services and responsibilities dedicated to their mission: „To Protect, Promote, and Provide for the Health of Our Community.“

Tyler is represented in the Texas Senate by Republican Kevin Eltife, District 1, and in the Texas House of Representatives by Republican Matt Schaefer, District 6.

The Texas Twelfth Court of Appeals is located in Tyler.

The Texas Department of Criminal Justice operates the Region I Parole Division Office and the Tyler District Parole Office in Tyler.

The two U.S. Senators from Texas are Republicans John Cornyn and Ted Cruz; Tyler is part of Texas‘ US Congressional 1st District, which is currently represented by Republican Louie Gohmert.

The United States Postal Service operates several post offices in Tyler, including Tyler, Azalea, Southeast Crossing, and the South Tyler Annex.

Tyler’s higher education institutions include the University of Texas at Tyler and the University of Texas Health Center at Tyler, both part of the University of Texas System, as well as Tyler Junior College and Texas College.

Public primary and secondary education for much of the city is provided by the Tyler Independent School District, which includes two high schools, John Tyler and Robert E. Lee; Premier High School of Tyler, a public charter school (Cumberland Academy); several Tyler schools offer international baccalaureate and advanced placement programs.

Portions of incorporated Tyler are served by surrounding school districts. These include sections of southeast Tyler by the Whitehouse Independent School District, and some sections in the east which are served by the Chapel Hill Independent School District.

In addition to its role in the rose-growing industry, Tyler is the headquarters for Brookshire Grocery Company, which operates Brookshire’s, Fresh and Super 1 Foods, and Ole! supermarkets in three states (Texas, Louisiana, and Arkansas). The company’s main distribution center is located in south Tyler, while SouthWest Foods, a subsidiary that processes dairy products, is located just northeast of the city. Adams Engineering has also made its headquarters in Tyler.

The manufacturing sector includes:

According to the City’s 2012-2013 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, the top ten employers in the city are:

Annually, the Texas Rose Festival draws thousands of tourists to Tyler. The festival, which celebrates the role of the rose-growing industry in the local economy, is held in October and features a parade, the coronation of the Rose Queen, and other civic events. The Rose Museum features the history of the Festival. Tyler is home to Caldwell Zoo, several local museums, Lake Palestine, Lake Tyler, and numerous golf courses and country clubs. A few miles away in Flint, TX is The WaterPark @ The Villages, a year-round, indoor water park. There is also an „Azalea Trail“ in Tyler, which are two officially designated routes within the city that showcase homes or other landscaped venues adorned with azalea shrubs. The Azalea Trail also is home to the long standing tradition of the . The official greeters of the Azalea Trail are known as the Azalea Belles, young women from the Tyler area who dress in antebellum gowns. The belles are chosen each year from area high schools or home school families, and it is an honor to be chosen. Tyler State Park is a few miles away where visitors can camp, canoe, and paddle boat on the lake. Activities include picnicking; camping; boating (motors allowed – 5 mph speed limit); boat rentals; fishing; birding; hiking; mountain biking and hiking trails; lake swimming (in unsupervised swimming area); and nature study. The Smith County Historical Society operates a museum and archives in the old Carnegie Library. The East Texas State Fair is held annually in Tyler. Lake Tyler was the location of the HGTV Dream Home contest in 2005. The 6,500 square feet (600 m²) house briefly boosted tourism and interest in the community. It subsequently was sold at public auction in January, 2008, for 1.325 million dollars.

Tyler has a Cotton Belt Railroad Depot Museum located near the Chamber of Commerce office.

The Smith County Historical Society, a 501(c)(3) non-profit organization, was founded in 1959 by individuals and business firms dedicated to discovering, collecting, and preserving data, records, and other items relating to the history of Smith County, Texas. The Society operates a museum and archives, which is located in the former Carnegie Public Library building in downtown Tyler. Permanent museum exhibits include life-size dioramas with Smith County history topics ranging from Caddo Indians to the 20th century. Other items from the society’s collections are showcased in revolving, temporary exhibits. The society’s archival library contains historical artifacts of Smith County, including newspapers, city directories, school records, photographs, maps, historical papers, rare books, and much more. The archives are open to the public for research on a limited schedule with volunteer staff on duty. The society is also the official caretaker of Camp Ford Historic Park.

Camp Ford was the largest Confederate Prisoner of War camp west of the Mississippi River during the American Civil War. The original site of the camp stockade is a public historic park managed by the . The park contains a kiosk, paved trail, interpretive signage, a cabin reconstruction, and a picnic area. It is located on Highway 271, 0.8 miles (1.3 km) north of Loop 323.

The most common form of transportation is the motor vehicle. Tyler is a nexus of several major highways. Interstate 20 runs along the north edge of the city going east and west, U.S. Highway 69 runs north-south through the center of town and State Highway 64 runs east-west through the city. Tyler also has access to U.S. Highway 271, State Highway 31, State Highway 155, and State Highway 110. Loop 323 was established in 1957 and encircles the city, which has continued to grow outside of this loop. Loop 49 is a limited access „outer loop“ around the city and currently runs from State Highway 110 south of Tyler to Interstate 20 northwest of Tyler. Future segments of this tollway will extend Loop 49 out to Interstate 20 on the eastern side of the city and to other East Texas destinations.

Tyler Transit provides customers with public transportation service within the City of Tyler. The buses run daily, excluding Sundays and holidays. Tyler Transit offers customers the option to purchase tickets, tokens, or passes at the Tyler Transit office, located at 210 E. Oakwood Street inside the Cotton Belt Railroad Depot at the main transfer point. The City of Tyler paratransit service is a shared-ride, public transportation service. Requests for service must be made the day before the service is needed. Trips can be scheduled up to 14 days in advance. ADA complimentary paratransit service is provided to all origins and destinations within the service area defined as the city limits of Tyler. Greyhound Lines bus service is available through a downtown terminal.

Tyler Pounds Regional Airport offers service to Dallas-Fort Worth International Airport via American Eagle. General Aviation services are provided by two fixed-base operators, and the Jet Center of Tyler.

Tyler was the hub for a series of short-line railroads which later evolved into the St. Louis Southwestern Railway, better known as „The Cotton Belt Route“. This line later became part of the Southern Pacific Railroad, which itself merged with the Union Pacific Railroad, which continues to serve the city today. No passenger train service to Tyler has occurred since April 1956, but Amtrak runs through the city of Mineola, a short distance north of Tyler.

A 2014 study by Walk Score ranked Tyler with a walkability score of 32 (out of 100) with some amenities within walking distance.

Hospitals located in Tyler include East Texas Medical Center, Trinity Mother Frances Health System, University of Texas Health Center at Tyler, and Texas Spine & Joint Hospital. There are also many clinics including the Direct Care Clinic.

Tyler is the home of many churches, including five large congregations in downtown, the Marvin United Methodist Church, Dayspring United Methodist Church, West Erwin Church of Christ, First Baptist Church, and the Cathedral of the Immaculate Conception. Tyler is also the seat of Catholic Diocese of Tyler, which is particularly noteworthy for its St. Joseph the Worker Parish, one of the few churches in America dedicated to the exclusive use of the Traditional Latin Mass. The parish is staffed by the Priestly Fraternity of St. Peter. The city also is the home of the Cathedral of the Immaculate Conception and the Sanctuary of Our Lady of Mount Carmel, a 100 plus year sanctuary recently renovated and declared a historic and heritage site by the Catholic Diocese of Tyler. The Saint Peter Claver Parish located in central Tyler, is the second largest Catholic Church in Tyler and was dedicated to St. Peter Claver, a Franciscan Priest that assisted the black slaves in Brasil during the slave trade to South America. There is also a Nazarene church on Old Bullard Rd called Tyler First Church Of The Nazarene.

Tyler has three United Pentecostal Churches the largest of them is Tyler Tabernacle located just outside of Loop 323. The Our Lady of Guadalupe Catholic church in East Tyler is also a major center of gathering. The St Peter and Paul Chapel, a Catholic church, is located next to the Bishop Thomas K. Gorman Regional Catholic School was constructed and dedicated in 2011 and holds masses in English and Spanish with a significant number of other services offered to all Tyler and neighboring residents. The city’s largest church, Green Acres Baptist Church, is located on Troup Highway in southeast Tyler. Tyler is also home to two reformed Baptist churches, Sylvania Church and Living Acts Church, both of which are located in the south Tyler area. Additionally, Tyler has two Jewish houses of prayer, Ahavath Achim, which associates itself with Conservative Judaism and Beth El which adheres to Reform Judaism. Tyler is also home to East Texas Islamic Society, established in 1988, which includes an Islamic house of worship and an Islamic school for children. There is also a Unitarian, Universalist Fellowship on Old Omen Road and Cross Brand Cowboy Church at 11915 FM-2015 Tyler, Texas.

Two Tyler churches were destroyed during the 2010 East Texas church burnings.

Currently, 18 media outlets and one newspaper are located in Tyler, as well as many more in the surrounding areas.


Selenophanes josephus

Nom binominal

Selenophanes josephus
(Godman & Salvin, [1881])

Selenophanes josephus est une espèce de Lépidoptère de la famille des Nymphalidés et du genre Selenophanes.

Selenophanes josephus a été décrit par Godman et Salvin en 1881.

Selenophanes josephus se nomme Josephus Owl-Butterfly en anglais.

Selenophanes josephus est un papillon au bord externe des ailes antérieures concave. Le dessus des ailes est de couleur marron avec aux ailes antérieures une bande jaune festonnée, du 1/3 externe du bord costal à l’angle interne. Les ailes postérieures sont marron avec une marque foncée près de la cellule à la base de e6.

Le revers est beige nacré marbré de doré avec des ocelles, un petit marron à l’apex des ailes antérieures et aux ailes postérieures un gros jaune près du bord costal et un proche de l’angle anal.

Selenophanes josephus est présent à Panama, au Guatemala, en Colombie et en Équateur.

Pas de statut de protection particulier

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, sur butterfliesofamerica.com (consulté le 3 juin 2012)

Love Lockdown

Love Lockdown“ —en español: „Amor encerrado“— es una canción interpretada por el rapero estadounidense Kanye West, producida por él y Jeff Bhasker, e incluida en el año 2008 en su cuarto álbum de estudio, 808s & Heartbreak.

Durante el último cuatrimestre del 2008, „Love Lockdown“ fue lanzada por el sello Roc-A-Fella Records como el primer sencillo de 808s & Heartbreak. Tras ello, „Love Lockdown“ ingresó al top 10 de listas musicales de canciones como la Billboard Hot 100 y la UK Singles Chart, las más importantes de los Estados Unidos y el Reino Unido, respectivamente. En suma, de acuerdo a la compañía The Official UK Charts Company, «Love Lockdown» ha vendido alrededor de 315 mil copias en el Reino Unido, las cuales le convierten en el sencillo más vendido de 808s & Heartbreak en el estado y en el tercer sencillo más vendido de Kanye West en el mismo, como artista principal, después de «Stronger» y «Gold Digger», respectivamente. Además, de acuerdo al sistema de información Nielsen SoundScan, «Love Lockdown» ha vendido un poco más de 3 millones de descargas en Estados Unidos, las cuales le convierten en el segundo sencillo de mayor éxito comercial de 808s & Heartbreak en el país, después de «Heartless».

El video musical de „Love Lockdown“ fue dirigido por Simon Henwood. Su estreno fue realizado el jueves 7 de octubre de 2008 en el programa estadounidense de entrevistas The Ellen DeGeneres Show.

Varios meses después de su estreno, el video musical de „Love Lockdown“ fue nominado en tres categorías de los MTV Video Music Awards 2009. La principal de ellas fue en la categoría Mejor video del año, la más importante de la premiación, en la que compitió con los videos musicales de „Single Ladies (Put a Ring on It)“ de Beyoncé, „Poker Face“ de Lady Gaga, „We Made You“ de Eminem y „Womanizer“ de Britney Spears.

Shashikant Oak

Shashikant Oak (Marathi: शशिकांत ओक) (born 31 July 1949) is a retired Wing Commander from the Indian Air Force. He has a great contribution in bringing the Nadi astrology system into limelight. For more than 18 years, he has been conducting an original research on the aforesaid system. His research includes various scientific angles, and has given the whole subject a new dimension.

Shashikant Oak was born on 31 July 1949 in Pune, Maharashtra. His father Janardan Oak was a wholesale cloth merchant in a township called Madhavnagar in an old princely state of Sangli in the southern Maharashtra. His mother Mangala Oak is a Keertankar. They belonged to a middle class Brahmin family. He is the eldest among three siblings, and has two younger sisters.

Notable Indian writer P. N. Oak, famous for his Hindu-centric brand of historical revisionism, was Shashikant’s uncle.

Shashikant’s parents were the followers of Swami Pradyananand Saraswati, who has translated the great epic „Shri Ram Charit Manas“ from Hindi into Marathi. Shashikant had a long lasting impact of this family Guru upon his personality and he also got initiated into spirituality by the grace of the Guru.

In his childhood he got initiated Om Namah Shivaya Mantra by one Gokhale Guruji, which made him go through some lifetime mystical experiences. The experiences were later written down by Shashikant in form of a novel, titled „Andhaar Chhaya“.

Shashikant was destined to meet another spiritual Guru, called Yogi Ramsuratkumar in Thiruvannamalai. Much later, he met Chitale Baba, who is known for mastery on the supernatural powers. As per Chitale Baba’s instructions, Shashikant went to the Himalayas.

Shashikant did his early schooling from a place called Islampur. Later he went to Seth Ratilal Vitthaldas Gosalia High School in Madhavnagar. After passing SSC with ordinary marks, he graduated from Chintamanrao College of Commerce, Sangli. He joined the Indian Air Force while studying in the 1st year of M.Com.

Shashikant joined defence services as a ‚Pilot Officer‘, in a Non- technical, accounts branch in 1971. As a part of service, Shashikant served in different parts of nation, including Srinagar, Jammu & Kashmir Air field, New Delhi, Chandigarh, Pune, Kanpur, Coimbatore, Tambaram and Ludhiana. He retired from the Indian Air Force as Wing Commander.

While posted in Tambaram Shashikant accidentally got introduced to Nadi astrology. Initially he disbelieved it, and examined the evidences by getting the text on the palm leaves read by experts. To conduct the original research, he has visited almost all the Nadi centres in India during last many years, apart from individually meeting a thousands of persons to take on account the firsthand experiences. He also initiated preparing a dictionary of ancient Tamil words which appear in the Nadi palm leaves. He also studied the claims of the rationalists and explored the possibilities of any substantiation in it. Over the past few years he has been instrumental in bringing out the subject to the notice of international researchers.

Upon much research in Nadi Astrology and considering the statistics of accuracy in the Nadi predictions, Shashikant arrived to certain conclusions which he has written down in his famous book, Nadi Predictions. His first book on the same topic in Marathi was published in 1994. He also presented a detailed paper called ‚Comparative Study: Nostradamus and Nadi Granthas.‘ Shashikant mainly writes in Marathi, but has also written in Hindi and English, occasionally. Apart from writing several research oriented books and detailed articles in various languages; he also writes on various blog sites, and internet forums.

His books are available in Marathi, Hindi, English, and have been translated into several other languages including Tamil and Gujarati.

Apart from Nadi Astrology, Shashikant is also keenly interested in Auto writing. He also learnt auto writing from Nan Umrigar, a Parsi lady form Pune, who said that Shashikant has the blessings of Meher Baba. Shashikant’s father, Janardan Oak acted as a medium for Shashikant’s Auto writings.

Shashikant has written several books and has given more than 1200 lectures so far. Most of his work has been published by various publications in the form of books and electronic media.




Roque Federizon Lee, a.k.a. ROXLEE is a Filipino animator, filmmaker, cartoonist, painter, rock star, and many considered as the God Father of the Filipino young filmmakers. The man who created “Cesar Asar” together with his brother Mon Lee. Apart from this Lee brothers is their nephew Topel Lee, a film, TV and music director of GMA Networks. He started out as a cartoonist—first contributing cartoons to Jingle Magazine, and then doing the comic strip Cesar Asar for Manila Bulletin (one of the most popular broadsheet in the Philippines) in collaboration with his brother Monlee from 1980 to 2000. Roxlee is one of the founding members of Animagination now evolved into Animahenasyon and Sinekalye, a group of filmmakers taking the films and music into the street. He is a pioneer of independent film animation in the Philippines. Working outside the „factory“ system, usually with only one or two collaborators, he’s a magician who can instantly conjure up an original piece working only with the barest of materials, usually with just pen and paper and ink. Spontaneity and irreverent situational ideas are paramount for him over fanciful techniques and linear storytelling. His edgy approach is surreal sense of humor . What is incalculable is his originality as an animator and filmmaker, which can be considered as an attempt to create a modern Filipino style and philosophy of filmmaking. His early works were done in super-8 film—divided between hand-drawn scratchy works like „The Great Smoke“, and pixilated live action pieces like „Juan Gapang“. Both are now considered classics of the independent film movement of the 1980s. In the 2000s, he reinvented himself as a digital filmmaker. His „12 commandments of filmmaking“ has turned him into some kind of guru, an inspiration to filmmakers young and old. Although he never worked in the animation industry, Roxlee’s independent approach to filmmaking has influenced a whole generation of younger animators, many of whom first took up courses at the Mowelfund Film Institute in the 80s and 90s. Some of these animators are now stalwarts in the industry. Roxlee also has a modest but keen international following, mostly in Western Europe, Japan and Singapore. Maybe computers and 3D animation software may have made Roxlee’s animation antiquated and old school, but he has proven that anyone can be an animator, as long as he has pen, paper, ink, interesting ideas, and the will to get it done. Roxlee is also onto oil painting and currently finished book entitled “Cesar Asar in the Planet of the Noses,” a collection of his cartoons and short stories.


2012– Along with other Filipino artists at Sharjah Bienalle
2011– A Twist of the Past for the Present + Heat Studies – University of the Philippines Film Center
2008 – Filipino participant at Busan Bienalle Art Festival
2009 – „Green Rocking Chair“ at Rotterdam and Singapore International Film Festival
2004 – Exhibition of over 50 Cartoon Paintings at Singapore International Film Festival
1995 – Roxlee retrospective at Animagination, First Filipino Animation Festival, CCP
1994 – Roxlee retrospective at 18th Hong Kong International Film Festival
1992 to 1993 – Fellowship Grant at Tokyo, Japan
1992 – Roxlee retrospective at Image Forum (Tokyo’s Premier Experimental Film Art House)
1990 – Retrospective at Hamburg, Germany
1990 – Selection of Roxlee films in „No-Budget Film Festival“ in Hamburg, Germany
1989 – „Spit/Optik“ Premieres in Berlinale Forum Section with 8 other RP short films

2001 – 2004 – Executive Committee Member of National Committee on Cinema – NCCA (National Commission for Culture and the Arts)
1980 to 2000 – comic strip contributor („Cesar Asar“) at Manila Bulletin
1995 to 1997 – Cartoonist for 1st Yamagata International Film Festival
1978 to 1980 – Cartoonist for Jingle Magazine

2010 – Lifetime Achievement Award – Animahenasyon – Animation Council of the Philippines Incorporated (ACPI)
2008 – a Tribute at .MOV Digital Film Festival
2006 – Daluyan Awardee (progressive leaders and pioneers in the independent film community in the Philippines) – Philippine Independent Filmmakers‘ Multi-purpose Cooperative (IFC) and Robinsons Galleria Movieworld
1987 – „Juan Gapang“ – Best Experimental Short Film – Gawad Urian Awards
1988 – Best Student Film – Film Academy of the Philippines
1987 to 1992 – Annually won at Gawad CCP (Cultural Center of the Phils.‘ Short Film Contest)
1986 – Honorable Mention – Experimental Short Film – Kelibia Short Film Festival, Tunisia
1982 to 1985 – Annually won at Experimental Cinema of the Phils. (ECP)

2008 – Green Rocking Chair (Juan Baybayin Story) – creative documentary
2008 – Monkey and the Turtle – animation
2007 – Bahay Kubo on Wheels – documentary
2007 – Musika Dong – documentary
2006 – La Pula (Red Chief) – shorts
2006 – 35 MM Man – experimental
2006 – Left Turn (Juan Kaliwa) – animation
2005 – Ghost of Rocker Janis – experimental shorts
2005 – Romeo Must Rock – documentary
2005 – Batumbuhay (Live Rock) – documentary
2004 – Two Birds Hit with one Big Stone – experimental
2003 – Haus of Sing – experimental
2001 – Tronong Puti 2 – shorts
2001 – Nose
2000 – Juan Gulay – shorts
1999 – Cesar Asar – full length film
1993 – Harajuko – experimental
1993 – Tito’s Wedding – shorts
1990 – Mix 1 & 2 – experimental
1989 – Moron’s Monolog – experimental
1989 – Moron’s
1989 – Spit/Optik – animation
1989 – Pencil
1989 – Juan Toga – shorts
1988 – Juan Tunog – experimental
1987 – Prayle (Friars)
1987 – Juan Gapang (Johnny Crawl) – experimental
1987 – Ink – animation
1987 – Lizard, or How to Perform in Front of a Reptile – experimental
1985 – ABCD – animation
1985 – Inserts – animation
1984 – Tao at Kambing (Man and Goat) – animation
1984 – The Great Smoke – animation
1984 – Tatlong ‚A'(Three A’s) – animation
1983 – Tronong Puti(White Throne) – shorts

1. Thous shall shoot only original movies with original storyline. Shoot whatever available medium, what is important is the concept.

2. Be resourceful, always look for potential sponsors. Shoot films with limited budget but with unlimited ideas. If possible, thou shall only have a maximum of 2 takes per scene.

3. Thou shall not be blinded by the stars. If you can eliminate the star complex the better.

4. Thou shall not patronize very commercial and trashy movies.

5. Thou shall not limit yourself. Always aim for the international release of your films. Remember, you film can be your passport.

6. Thou shall not be disrespectful of other filmmakers even if they make bad films.

7. Thou shall not be greedy. Share your equipments, film stocks and ideas with other aspiring filmmakers.

8. Thou shall not lose hope even if you have little audience for now, maybe the bigger audience will be the next generation to come.

9. Thou shall not always aspire for financial gain but always strive for cinematic excellence.

10. Thou shall not be bothered by bad reviews of your films. Put in mind there are bad critics everywhere.

11. Thou shall not have the feeling of a great director. But humble and recognize the existence of the Supreme Being above.

12. Thou shall not lose the passion of making films, just work and work up to the last breath.

160e division d’infanterie (Allemagne)

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La 160e division d’infanterie (en allemand: 160. Infanterie-Division ou 160. ID également appelée Division Nr. 160, 160. Reserve-Division ou 160. ResDiv.) est une division d’infanterie de l’armée allemande (Wehrmacht) durant la Seconde Guerre mondiale.

La Division Nr. 160 est formée le 26 août 1939 à Hambourg dans le Wehrkreis X, en tant que division de l’Armée de remplacement sous le nom de Kommandeur der Ersatztruppen X.

Le 25 octobre 1939, l’état-major prend le nom de Kommandeur der Ersatztruppen X/1, puis le 8 novembre 1939, est renommé 160. Division, et enfin le 12 décembre 1939, prend le nom de Division Nr. 160.

Le 1er juin 1940, la division est transférée au Danemark dans le secteur de Viborg, et est placée sous le commandement tactique des troupes allemandes au Danemark avec le reste de la 170. Infanterie-Division sous le régime du district militaire X.

En 1941, la division est déplacée dans la région de Copenhague.

Le 1er octobre 1942, ses unités de remplacement sont transférés sur l’arrière et elle absorbe les bataillons d’instructions des Division Nr. 180 et 190.

Avec son reclassement en armée de réserve, la division prend le nom de 160. Reserve-Division le 7 novembre 1943. Elle stationne au Danemark en tant qu’unité de formation.

Elle est renommée 160. Infanterie-Division le 9 mars 1945.

Kaszubia Kościerzyna

Kaszubia Kościerzyna is a football club based in Kościerzyna (Poland). They play in Poland III Liga (4th level).

. „Kaszubia“ refers to the Kashubian regional and ethnic identity.

The beginning of football in Kościerzyna can be traced back to the very early 20th Century. The first club of note was „Towarzystwo Gimnastyczne Sokół“ which had one of their branches in the town in 1922. There were many other smaller, mostly school teams which would play regularly in the local area, however the first club to participate in formal league competition and to be registered with the Polish FA was Sokół Kościerzyna which registered in 1939 with the intent to debut in 1940. However World War II broke out and the club never resumed activity after the war, with MKS Kościerzyna filling the void in 1945, which only had a football section though. The club only lasted a year before the multi-sports club „Kaszubia“ was created on the basis of MKS, and started playing in 1946 from the bottom of the footballing pyramid. The club continued to play amateur football as it remained in the lowest 3 divisions of Polish football right until 1987/88 when they finally got promoted the district league. In 1994/95 they reached the III division which to this day is their highest. Relegation in the 2001/02 season was overshadowed by its joint biggest success in its history, when they won the Pomeranian Polish Cup, a feat they repeated in the 2009/10 season. In 2006 the stadium and its facilities were rebuilt and modernised where the senior team continues to play in the fourth tier.

Kaszubia has an organised supporters association since 2003. The overwhelming majority of Kaszubia fans are also fans of Arka Gdynia with whom they established friendly relations in the 1980s and to this day attend matches under the banner of the local Arka fan-club. As with most of the region of Kashubia, their allegiances are split along the Tricity rivalry, with amiable relations with fans of clubs which sympathise with Arka such as Wisła Tczew and Gryf Wejherowo and rivalries with clubs who sympathise with Lechia Gdańsk such as Bytovia Bytów and Chojniczanka Chojnice and other clubs who are considered Arka’s rivals such as Bałtyk Gdynia. Their biggest rivals are considered to be Cartusia Kartuzy, also Lechia sympathisers, with whom they fiercely contest the Kashubian Derby.

Sykstus ze Sieny

Sykstus ze Sieny (łac. Sixtus Senensis) (ur. 1520 w Sienie, zm. 1569 w Genui) – dominikanin i biblista, autor jednej z pierwszych introdukcji biblijnych.

Sykstus był pochodzenia żydowskiego, jako młodzieniec przyjął katolicyzm i wstąpił do zakonu franciszkanów. W zakonie poświęcił się studiom biblijnym, jego mistrzem był Ambroży Catharinus. Został oskarżony o herezję i wskutek swego uporu skazany przez rzymską Inkwizycję na spalenie na stosie. Został jednak przekonany przez Michele’a Ghislieriego, późniejszego papieża Piusa V, by wyrzekł się swych błędów i otrzymał przebaczenie od papieża Juliusza III. Nie chcąc wracać splamiony oskarżeniem do zakonu franciszkanów, na początku 1555 otrzymał od papieża dyspensę zezwalającą na przejście do zakonu dominikanów. Od tego czasu Sykstus głosił wyłącznie naukę zgodną z katolicką ortodoksją. Ghislieri polecał mu sprawowanie działalności inkwizycyjnej, wysłał go m.in. do Cremony by niszczył heretyckie książki – Sykstus jednak zachowywał te książki, które były pożyteczne dla nauki. Udało mu się uratować ok. 2000 książek przed zniszczeniem przez hiszpańskich żołnierzy. Kiedy w 1566 Ghislieri został papieżem, Sykstus wydał zadedykowane mu dzieło Bibliotheca sancta ex præcipuis Catholicæ Ecclesiæ auctoribus collecta et in octo libros duobos tomis complexos digesta. Trzy lata później zmarł w genueńskim klasztorze Santa Maria de Castello, paląc wcześniej wszystkie swe dzieła inne niż Bibliotheca sancta…

Zdaniem Manfreda Uglorza można powiedzieć, że Bibliotheca sancta… to pierwsze dzieło poruszające zagadnienia introdukcyjne, które zostało ułożone według wzoru i tematyki, jakie są stosowane we współczesnych introdukcjach do Pisma Świętego. Zawiera informacje dotyczące autora, charakteru, języka i przedmiotu Starego i Nowego Testamentu, a nadto o tłumaczach Biblii od III do XVI wieku. Ostatnie dwa tomy zawierają polemikę z opartymi na Piśmie Świętym herezjami wobec katolicyzmu. Dzieło cieszyło się powszechnym uznaniem i doczekało się wielu wydań.

Sykstus jako pierwszy używał terminu „księgi deuterokanoniczne”.