Damastion

Damastion (in greco antico: Δαμάστιον) è stata un’antica città situata nell’area dei monti Balcani centrali. La posizione esatta però non è nota e si sono ipotizzate località di Serbia, Macedonia e Albania. La città si trovava ai confini con l’Illiria e la Peonia, spostata verso quest’ultima. L’esatto sito della città non è stato ancora identificato con certezza. Damastion viene citata solo da Strabone il quale dice che la città possedeva delle miniere d’argento. In ogni caso, menziona Damastion senza fornirne la posizione (VII, 7, 8; VIII, 6, 16).

Damastion coniò monete d’argento recanti la testa di Apollo sul dritto e un treppiede con la scritta „ΔΑΜΑΣΤΙΝΩΝ“ sul lato opposto. Queste monete sono state trovate in molti luoghi nei Balcani, soprattutto nel sud della Serbia, in Macedonia, ad ovest della Bulgaria, a Scutari in Albania, in Romania, a Trieste e a Corfù. Esse sono datate IV secolo a.C. La maggior parte dei tentativi di individuare Damastion sono basati sullo studio delle monete e della loro distribuzione. Un autore, il dottor Imhoof-Blumer, ha cercato di trovare derivati moderni del nome e assume che possa trattarsi di Damesi, un villaggio in Albania. Vi sono numerose altre ipotesi sul luogo in cui era ubicata la città, e una di queste riguarda Resen nell’antica Peonia, oggi Repubblica di Macedonia.

L’ipotesi più recente riguarda il sito archeologico serbo di Kale-Krševica, a sud-est di Vranje (sud della Serbia) dove sono stati rinvenute le fondamenta di un antico borgo urbano greco del V secolo a.C..

Petar Popović dell’Istituto di archeologia di Belgrado dice che Kale-Krševica potrebbe essere la città di Damastion. Ha aggiunto che è stato trovato un edificio monumentale realizzato con blocchi semicircolari lunghi 9 metri e alti 3. Ha stimato che solo il 5% è stato scavato e che la città aveva probabilmente 3 000 abitanti.

Nel IV secolo a.C. la città era soggetta al re Bardylis e i suoi abitanti erano chiamati Damastini (non una specifica tribù di Illiri). La città era conosciuta nell’antichità per le sue miniere d’argento, la cui esatta ubicazione, come quella della città stessa, è oggi sconosciuta. Nel 431 a.C. alcuni Greci di Egina colonizzarono la città. La circolazione delle monete di Damastion avvenne in Dardania (Metochia e valle della Morava) e dintorni, ad ovest della costa del mar Adriatico meridionale. La città e le miniere d’argento vennero conquistate da Filippo II di Macedonia dopo aver sconfitto il re dardano Bardylis.

Schneckenbusch

Schneckenbusch ist eine französische Gemeinde mit 295 Einwohnern (Stand 1. Januar 2013) im Département Moselle in der Region Lothringen. Sie gehört zum Arrondissement Sarrebourg-Château-Salins und zum Kanton Sarrebourg.

Schneckenbusch liegt im Südosten des Départements Moselle, etwa vier Kilometer südöstlich von Sarrebourg auf einer Höhe zwischen 259 und 324 m über dem Meeresspiegel, die mittlere Höhe beträgt 280 m. Das Gemeindegebiet umfasst 2,12 km².

Zur Gemeinde gehört auch der südlich gelegene Weiler Ritterwald.

Aboncourt-sur-Seille | Abreschviller | Achain | Ajoncourt | Alaincourt-la-Côte | Albestroff | Amelécourt | Arzviller | Aspach | Assenoncourt | Attilloncourt | Aulnois-sur-Seille | Avricourt | Azoudange | Bacourt | Barchain | Bassing | Baudrecourt | Bébing | Bellange | Belles-Forêts | Bénestroff | Berling | Bermering | Berthelming | Bettborn | Bezange-la-Petite | Bickenholtz | Bidestroff | Bioncourt | Blanche-Église | Bourdonnay | Bourgaltroff | Bourscheid | Bréhain | Brouderdorff | Brouviller | Buhl-Lorraine | Burlioncourt | Chambrey | Château-Bréhain | Château-Salins | Château-Voué | Chenois | Chicourt | Conthil | Craincourt | Cutting | Dabo | Dalhain | Danne-et-Quatre-Vents | Dannelbourg | Delme | Desseling | Diane-Capelle | Dieuze | Dolving | Domnom-lès-Dieuze | Donjeux | Donnelay | Fénétrange | Fleisheim | Fonteny | Fossieux | Foulcrey | Francaltroff | Fraquelfing | Frémery | Fresnes-en-Saulnois | Fribourg | Garrebourg | Gelucourt | Gerbécourt | Givrycourt | Gondrexange | Gosselming | Grémecey | Guébestroff | Guéblange-lès-Dieuze | Guébling | Guermange | Guinzeling | Guntzviller | Haboudange | Hampont | Hangviller | Hannocourt | Haraucourt-sur-Seille | Harreberg | Hartzviller | Haselbourg | Hattigny | Haut-Clocher | Hellering-lès-Fénétrange | Héming | Henridorff | Hérange | Hermelange | Hertzing | Hesse | Hilbesheim | Hommarting | Hommert | Honskirch | Hultehouse | Ibigny | Imling | Insming | Insviller | Jallaucourt | Juvelize | Juville | Kerprich-aux-Bois

Lafrimbolle | Lagarde | Landange | Laneuveville-en-Saulnois | Laneuveville-lès-Lorquin | Langatte | Languimberg | Lemoncourt | Léning | Lesse | Ley | Lezey | Lhor | Lidrezing | Lindre-Basse | Lindre-Haute | Liocourt | Lixheim | Lorquin | Lostroff | Loudrefing | Lubécourt | Lucy | Lutzelbourg | Maizières-lès-Vic | Malaucourt-sur-Seille | Manhoué | Marimont-lès-Bénestroff | Marsal | Marthille | Métairies-Saint-Quirin | Metting | Mittelbronn | Mittersheim | Molring | Moncourt | Montdidier | Morville-lès-Vic | Morville-sur-Nied | Moussey | Moyenvic | Mulcey | Munster | Nébing | Neufmoulins | Neufvillage | Niderhoff | Niderviller | Niederstinzel | Nitting | Oberstinzel | Obreck | Ommeray | Oriocourt | Oron | Pettoncourt | Pévange | Phalsbourg | Plaine-de-Walsch | Postroff | Prévocourt | Puttigny | Puzieux | Réchicourt-le-Château | Réding | Réning | Rhodes | Riche | Richeval | Rodalbe | Romelfing | Rorbach-lès-Dieuze | Saint-Epvre | Saint-Georges | Saint-Jean-de-Bassel | Saint-Jean-Kourtzerode | Saint-Louis | Saint-Médard | Saint-Quirin | Salonnes | Sarraltroff | Sarrebourg | Schalbach | Schneckenbusch | Sotzeling | Tarquimpol | Tincry | Torcheville | Troisfontaines | Turquestein-Blancrupt | Vahl-lès-Bénestroff | Val-de-Bride | Vannecourt | Vasperviller | Vaxy | Veckersviller | Vergaville | Vescheim | Vibersviller | Vic-sur-Seille | Vieux-Lixheim | Villers-sur-Nied | Vilsberg | Virming | Vittersbourg | Viviers | Voyer | Walscheid | Waltembourg | Wintersbourg | Wuisse | Xanrey | Xocourt | Xouaxange | Zarbeling | Zilling | Zommange

Heraldo Muñoz

Heraldo Muñoz Valenzuela (born July 22, 1948) is a Chilean politician and diplomat, the former Chilean Ambassador to the United Nations, to Brazil, and to the Organization of American States, former Assistant Secretary General, Assistant Administrator, and Regional Director for Latin America and the Caribbean of the United Nations Development Programme, and current Minister of Foreign Affairs of Chile under President Michelle Bachelet.

Muñoz was born in Santiago. In 1973, under the Salvador Allende government, he served as National Supervisor of the People’s Stores (Almacenes del Pueblo) until the coup d’état of September 11, 1973. He holds a Ph.D. from Josef Korbel School of International Studies at the University of Denver, Colorado (1978), a Diploma in International Relations from the Catholic University of Chile (1975, graduated with honors), and also took courses at Harvard University. He received a B.A. with a major in Political Science at the State University of New York, Oswego. Recipient of the „Distinguished Alumnus Award“ from the Graduate School of International Studies at the University of Denver (1991), he was bestowed with the title of Doctor Honoris Causa from the State University of New York (1996). He has received fellowships from: Resources for the Future, the Ford Foundation, the Tinker Foundation, the Twentieth Century Fund, and the MacArthur Foundation. He was a Ph.D. fellow at the Brookings Institution, Washington, D.C. (1977). He later taught at the University of Chile’s Institute of International Studies.

He co-founded the Party for Democracy (PPD) and participated in the executive committee of the campaign to vote „no“ on a second term for Augusto Pinochet during the 1988 plebiscite. During the administration of Patricio Aylwin, Muñoz was made permanent representative for Chile to the Organization of American States, (1990-1994) and ambassador to Brazil (1994-1998) during the government of Eduardo Frei Ruiz-Tagle. At the start of the administration of Ricardo Lagos, Muñoz was appointed Deputy Minister of Foreign Relations until January 2002, when he was designated Minister Secretary General of Government, a position from which he exercised considerable influence over policy, advising Lagos. He left the ministry in 2003, after being appointed Chile’s ambassador to the United Nations, Permanent Representative. In May 2010, Muñoz was designated by UN Secretary General Ban Ki Moon as Assistant Secretary General, Assistant Administrator, and Regional Director for Latin America and the Caribbean of the United Nations Development Programme. In 2014, he was named Minister of Foreign Affairs of Chile by President Elect Michelle Bachelet.

Chile was elected a temporary member of the United Nations Security Council for 2003 and 2004, while Muñoz served as ambassador. Muñoz was chairman of a special UN committee on al Qaeda and Taliban sanctions, during which he noted a reluctance by many countries to cooperate in reporting names and information to the committee and in acting on information received by the committee. He was troubled by al Qaeda’s continued ability to circumvent sanctions, which he said „need more teeth“. In January 2004, Muñoz served as the President of the Security Council. He also headed up a panel to investigate the death of Benazir Bhutto at the request of Secretary General Ban in response to a petition for said inquiry by Pakistani President Asif Ali Zardari. That report was delivered in April 2010.

Most recent books: A Solitary War: A Diplomat’s Chronicle of the Iraq War and Its Lessons, Fulcrum Publishing, 2008 (also in Spanish) and The Dictator’s Shadow: Life Under Augusto Pinochet, Basic Books, 2008. Newsweek said about The Dictator’s Shadow: Heraldo Muñoz has written „an insightful and poignant new personal memoir of the Pinochet years.“ The Washington Post stated: Muñoz has produced „a meticulous and vivid new book…Muñoz delivers a compelling, personal account of life in a police state and a strong reminder of how far Chile has come.“ The Washington Post listed The Dictator’s Shadow among the best books of 2008. The New York Times featured Munoz’s life and work in its Saturday Profile (November 15, 2008, pg. A6). Getting Away with Murder: Benazir Bhutto’s Assassination and the Politics of Pakistan, W.W. Norton & Company, 2013, a book based on the aforementioned UN investigation over which he presided.

Transparency report

A transparency report is a statement issued on a regular basis by a company, disclosing a variety of statistics related to requests for user data, records, or content. Transparency reports generally disclose how frequently and under what authority governments have requested or demanded data or records over a certain period of time. This form of corporate transparency allows the public to discern what private information governments have gained access to through search warrants and court subpoenas, among other methods. Some transparency reports describe how often, as a result of government action or under copyright provisions, content was removed. Disclosing a transparency report also helps people to know about the appropriate scope and authority of content regulation for online discussions. Google first launched a transparency report in 2010, with Twitter following in 2012. Additional companies began releasing transparency reports as during the aftermath of the global surveillance disclosures beginning in 2013, and the number of companies issuing them has increased rapidly ever since. Transparency reports are issued today by a variety of technology and communications companies, including Google, Microsoft, Verizon, AT&T, Twitter, Apple, Dropbox, Facebook, Yahoo and CloudFlare. Several companies and advocacy groups have lobbied the U.S. government to allow the number of secret data requests (requests which include a gag orders – including National Security Letters) to be described within ranges in the report.

Google’s latest (10th) transparency report indicates that the government demands for data are increasing in recent years.This report shows demands from government in the first six months of 2014, and the firm said that it includes demands made under the US Foreign Intelligence, Surveillance Act (FISA) and through National Security Letters (NSLs). „FISA and NSL demands have increased by 15 percent during the six months, according to the firm, and by 150 percent over the 10 reports and the five year reporting period. That’s globally. In the US the figures for the same period are 19 percent and 250 percent.“ Google legal director Richard Salgado accepted that the government has to fight crime and deal with threats, but the opposition of data demands need to be considered as well. „This increase in government demands comes against a backdrop of ongoing revelations about government surveillance programs. Despite these revelations, we have seen some countries expand their surveillance authorities in an attempt to reach service providers outside their borders,“ he said. „Governments have a legitimate and important role in fighting crime and investigating national security threats. To maintain public confidence in both government and technology, we need legislative reform that ensures surveillance powers are transparent, reasonably scoped by law, and subject to independent oversight.“ The report shows that the US makes the most demands for Google users‘ data, and Google said that it made 12,539 requests that affected some 22,000 accounts. It added that it provided data in 84 percent of cases.

In the UK it said there were 1,535 requests covering 1,991 users or accounts, and Google provided data for 72 percent of the requests.

The latest Yahoo transparency report was released on 25th September 2014.The report states that 30,511 users were affected by 18,594 government data requests.,whereas 57,324 accounts were affected by 29,470 government requests. However, both of these figures do not include those secret requests sent by the FISA court. During the last six month from July 1, 2013, to December 31, 2013, it received between 0 and 1998 FISA requests for user data, affecting up to 54,997 users (including national security letters). Comparing to the first sixth month from January 1, 2013 to June 30, 2013, 32,997 accounts was affected. As we can see from the figures, although the total number of data request drop, the number of data request approved from the FISA court have increased significantly. Overall, 41 percent of accounts affected by government data requests came from requests made by the U.S. government.

Transparency reports may be published for a variety of purposes. One purpose could be to clarify how much information governments ask for, how such requests are evaluated, and how the receiving entity chose to respond. This information may lead consumers to the conclusion that the report’s publisher is more trustworthy.

However, there is some debate about what transparency reports really reveal. Some critics argue that mere quantities of requests may mislead consumers, since most entities have little control over the number of requests they receive, the breadth of the requests they receive, or even the number of requests they ultimately comply with.

Companies such as Google, Microsoft, Yahoo, Facebook, and Twitter all release transparency reports, all of which list the type and number of government data requests each company receives. these reports include exact numbers and shed a bright light on government activity. The U.S. government will not, however, permit companies to report exact numbers for national security requests or the number of requests that came under the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance (FISA) Section 702, Patriot Act Section 215, or national security letters. Instead, they have to aggregate the numbers or provide a range. And that’s even if the government permits a company to publish that data. Google may publish national security letter information, but not FISA information. Facebook may publish FISA information, but it must lump such data in with NSL information. As a result, consumers cannot see the true figure for total government data requests. Critics of this policy, such as the Electronic Frontier Foundation, argue that there is no clear national security justification for blocking entities from releasing this information.

In June 2013, Google asked the Department of Justice for the permission for disclosing details about the number of FISA requests it receives. As a result, Microsoft, Yahoo, and Facebook followed suit immediately. However, the Department of Justice refused those requests, and they only provide the companies with a heavily redacted version of their arguments. Here’s what Google legal director Richard Salgado had to say about FISA requests: „We want to go even further. We believe it’s your right to know what kinds of requests and how many each government is making of us and other companies. However, the U.S. Department of Justice contends that U.S. law does not allow us to share information about some national security requests that we might receive. Specifically, the U.S. government argues that we cannot share information about the requests we receive (if any) under the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act. But you deserve to know.“

“Our ability to speak has been restricted by laws that prohibit and even criminalize a service provider like us from disclosing the exact number of national security letters (‚NSLs‘) and Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act (‚FISA‘) court orders received – even if that number is zero.”avian network’s veep for legal Ben Lee has blogged.

On 7th October,2014, Twitter announce that there will be a lawsuit against the United States government for violating its First Amendment right to freedom of speech. The Transparency Report which would reveal how many national security letters (NSLs) and Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act (FISA) orders Twitter receives. They provided a draft of the transparency report to the Department of Justice and discussed it for months. Twitter was still unable to get the permission for allowing them to publish even a redacted version of the report from the government. The response form FBI for its stance is that the information Twitter wants to publish is classified and cannot be publicly released, they also said according to the framework provided on 27th January, 2014, Twitter is only permitted to qualify its description of the total number of accounts affected by all national security legal process it has received but it cannot quantify that description with specific detail that goes well beyond what is allowed under the 27th Jan 2014 framework and that discloses properly classified information.

The U.S government is thus censoring Twitter’s ability to respond to statement about their own community’s surveillance, and the constitutional right to speak out on matter of national and global concern was not given to Twitter.

The United States government announced on the 30 August 2013 that a transparency report which is in its own form will be released. Director of National Intelligence James Clapper announced he change on his office’s Tumblr blog. He said that the decision will come naturally after President Barack Obama ordered the declassification of as much intelligence information as possible. Total numbers for national security letters, Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act (FISA) business records requests, FISA one register/trap and trace requests will be stated in the transparency report. Beside that, the report will also include the number of targets being investigated in each of these requests. The number will reflect the 12 months prior to the date published. The inspiration of the report comes from the recent surveillance program leaks from former NSA-contractor Edward Snowden, according to an anonymous source speaking with the Washington Post. Google, Twitter,and Facebook all release their own forms of transparency report, however they are not allowed to release this sort of information in their report.

Эшлин Гир

Кимберли Эшлин Маккарни

14 сентября 1959(1959-09-14) (57 лет)

Хэвлок, Калифорния, США

США США

брюнетка

карий

160 см

50 кг

34C-22-33

Kimberly Patton, Kimberly Marshall, Kim McKamy

ID 0570896

Э́шлин Гир (англ. Ashlyn Gere, настоящее имя — Кимберли Эшлин Маккарни, англ. Kimberly Ashlyn McKarny; род. 14 сентября 1959, Хэвлок, Калифорния) — бывшая американская порноактриса, известная также своим творчеством в сфере кинематографа. Она снималась в гетеросексуальных и лесбийских порнофильмах, а также исполняла роли популярных телесериалах. Гир была включена в Залы Славы AVN Awards и в XRCO Award. Наиболее известна в популярной кино по ролям в научно-фантастических сериалах «Секретные материалы» и «Космос: Далёкие уголки».

Гир родилась в Северной Калифорнии, но в 3 года её семья переехала Лас-Вегас, штат Невада. По национальности американка шотландского происхождения. Там она поступила в Университет Невады в Лас-Вегасе по специальности театральное искусство и коммуникации. По словам Эшлин, девственность она потеряла в 18 лет, в машине своего парня.

Гир начинала свой творческий путь с фильмов категории B. В 1987 году, под именем Ким Макками (англ. Kim McKamy), она исполнила роль в фильме ужасов «Крипозоиды». Под именем Кимберли Паттон (англ. Kimberly Patton) она принимала участие в сериалах «Космос: Далёкие уголки» и «Тысячелетие», а так же в фильмах «Противостояние» и «Уиллард». Также она снялась в сериале «Секретные материалы», эпизод «Кровь».

В 1990 году началась её карьера в порнографии. Есть почти 200 порнофильмов и видео, в которых она участвовала, в промежуток с 1990 до 2003 года. Она была удостоена многих наград в области порноиндустрии.

AVN

F.O.X.E

XRCO

AFWG

Wayne Brady

Wayne Brady (* 2. Juni 1972 in Orlando, Florida) ist ein US-amerikanischer Fernsehmoderator, Comedian, Synchronsprecher und Sänger. Bekanntheit erlangte er besonders als Komiker in der Impro-Show Whose Line Is It Anyway?, Moderator der The Wayne Brady Show und durch seine Auftritte in Fernsehsendungen wie Girlfriends, How I Met Your Mother und Chappelle’s Show.

Brady wurde in Orlando geboren, wo er auch die Dr. Phillips High School besuchte.

2006 wurde Wayne Brady Moderator der Show That’s What I’m Talking About. Die Sendung wurde auf dem Fernsehsender TV Land, Der zu MTV Networks gehört, ausgestrahlt. Im selben Jahr moderierte Brady auch die FOX-Show Celebrity Duets, in der Prominente gemeinsam mit professionellen Sängern Duette sangen. Von 2007 bis 2009 moderierte er die Sendung Don’t Forget the Lyrics!, seit 2009 die Gameshow Let’s Make a Deal.

In der Sitcom How I Met Your Mother war er von 2006 bis zum Ende der Sendung als Barney Stinsons Halbbruder James zu sehen. Zusätzlich hatte er in diversen anderen Fernsehsendungen und Sitcoms Gastauftritte.

Brady ist im Musikvideo von Chester See und Toby Turner (Tobuscus) zum Lied Whistle While I Work It zu sehen.

Brady war von 1999 bis 2007 in zweiter Ehe mit Mandie Taketa verheiratet. Am 3. Februar 2003 kam die gemeinsame Tochter Maile Masako Brady zur Welt.

Les Hermaux

Vous pouvez partager vos connaissances en l’améliorant (comment ?). Le bandeau {{ébauche}} peut être enlevé et l’article évalué comme étant au stade « Bon début » quand il comporte assez de renseignements encyclopédiques concernant la commune.
Si vous avez un doute, l’atelier de lecture du projet Communes de France est à votre disposition pour vous aider. Consultez également la page d’aide à la rédaction d’un article de commune.

Géolocalisation sur la carte : Lozère

Géolocalisation sur la carte : Lozère

Géolocalisation sur la carte : France

Géolocalisation sur la carte : France

Les Hermaux est une commune française, située dans le département de la Lozère en région Languedoc-Roussillon-Midi-Pyrénées.

Ses habitants sont appelés les Hermalziens.

La commune est située dans le Massif central en Aubrac.

La commune organise chaque année la transhumance au col de Bonnecombe, le dimanche précédant le 25 mai.

En 2013, la commune comptait 110 habitants. L’évolution du nombre d’habitants est connue à travers les recensements de la population effectués dans la commune depuis 1793. À partir du XXIe siècle, les recensements réels des communes de moins de 10 000 habitants ont lieu tous les cinq ans, contrairement aux autres communes qui ont une enquête par sondage chaque année.

Sur les autres projets Wikimedia :

Gniewoszyce

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Géolocalisation sur la carte : Pologne

Géolocalisation sur la carte : Pologne

Gniewoszyce ([ɡɲɛvɔˈʂɨt͡sɛ] ) est un village polonais de la gmina de Trzebiel dans la powiat de Żary de la voïvodie de Lubusz dans l’ouest de la Pologne.

Il se situe à environ 6 kilomètres au sud de Trzebiel (siège de la gmina), 23 kilomètres à l’ouest de Żary (siège de la powiat) et 62 kilomètres au sud-ouest de Zielona Góra (siège de la diétine régionale).

Après la Seconde Guerre mondiale, avec les conséquences de la Conférence de Potsdam et la mise en œuvre de la ligne Oder-Neisse, le village est intégré à la République populaire de Pologne. La population d’origine allemande est expulsée et remplacée par des polonais.

De 1975 à 1998, le village est attaché administrativement à la voïvodie de Zielona Góra.
Depuis 1999, il fait partie de la voïvodie de Lubusz.

Allen Irvin Bernstein

Allen Irvin Bernstein (June 19, 1913 – September 8, 2008) was a gay Jewish American World War II veteran who in 1940 wrote a defense of homosexuality entitled Millions of Queers (Our Homo America) which was rediscovered in 2010 by Randall L. Sell, associate professor at Drexel University School of Public Health, and was published online at OutHistory in March 2014. The essay is notable for the insights it provides into gay life, including slang, sexual practices, and relationships, in the United States during the 1930s and before, based on what Bernstein learned from his gay friends and acquaintances as well as on his wide reading and research in literary and sociological sources.

LGBT historian and author Jonathan Ned Katz calls the extended essay „a rich document of homosexual American history“ and notes that „as a sociological, anthropological, and historical survey, and personal polemic, [it] anticipates and most resembles a book published eleven years after it: The Homosexual in America: A Subjective Approach (1951), by the married sociologist Edward Sagarin, using the pseudonym Donald Webster Cory. Like Sagarin, Bernstein accepted many of the negative clichés about homosexuals, but argued that they should not be persecuted under the law.“

Bernstein was born in Nashua, New Hampshire, to Joseph and Rose Simon Bernstein, both of East European Jewish descent. Bernstein grew up in Salem, Massachusetts, where he graduated from high school. After Rose died in 1928 and Joseph in 1929, Bernstein and his older brother Haskell were adopted by an aunt and uncle in Albany, New York.

Bernstein attended Tufts College for one year, then transferred to Union College, from which he graduated in 1933. He then spent a year at the University of Chicago, graduating with a master’s degree in history in 1934. Bernstein was unable to find permanent work during the Depression, and went through a succession of temporary jobs. In January 1938, he was hired to write on history and architecture for the Federal Writers Project guidebook to the state of Massachusetts, a job he held for the statutory maximum of 18 months.

In September 1940, Bernstein enlisted in the United States Army, initially being stationed in Staten Island, New York, and then was assigned to write training manuals for the Quartermaster Corps in Camp Lee, Virginia, with the rank of staff sergeant, and was evenutally awarded a Good Conduct Medal. In January 1944, following an attempt to pick up a fellow soldier after attending a performance of the Ballets Russes in Richmond, Virginia, Bernstein was arrested by military police and summarily jailed, and then transferred to a psychiatric ward on base, pending his less-than-honorable blue discharge for homosexuality four weeks later.

After his discharge, Bernstein eventually took a job teaching at New England College in Henniker, New Hampshire, and later worked as a labor market analyst for the Maine Department of Labor, settling in Augusta, Maine, a job from which he retired in 1978. In 1946, Bernstein married Anne Fine, and subsequently had two sons, Gerald and Robert. Bernstein came out to his fiancée when he proposed to her, as he described in a 2003 interview:

I met this nice middle-class Jewish girl from the Boston area, through one of the Nashua, New Hampshire cousins, and we clicked. It was terrific. We were both products of the 30s, in our own early 30s. Quote, „I’m gay. Will you marry me?“ „Yes.“

Although Congress scrapped the blue discharges in 1947, veterans who had received them were still ineligible for any G. I. Bill benefits or assistance from the Veterans Administration. Beginning in March 1944, Bernstein began a series of appeals of his blue discharge, doggedly refiling his appeals after repeated rebuffs from the Army, until he was finally granted a retroactive honorable discharge in 1981. To his first appeal in 1944, Bernstein attached a copy of Millions of Homos, which lay ignored and forgotten until 2010, when it was fortuitously discovered by Randall Sell in the National Library of Medicine in Washington, D. C.

After Anne’s death in 1991, Bernstein came out to his sons and for the next two decades was an active volunteer in numerous service organizations and gay-rights groups, including the Red Cross, American Veterans for Equal Rights, and the Maine Lesbian/Gay Political Alliance (now EqualityMaine), among others.

In 1948, Bernstein had begun work at Harvard on a doctoral degree in education, but when university officials questioned his blue discharge and he told them it was for homosexuality, he was asked to leave the program. Not long before his death in 2008, Bernstein told his sons that he had willed his brain to Harvard Medical School, saying „If I could not get into Harvard when I was alive, at least my brain will get in.“

Except as noted, all were unpublished during Bernstein’s lifetime:

Published interviews:

Susanne Hiller

Susanne Hiller (* 1979 in Hamburg) ist eine deutsche Bühnen- und Kostümbildnerin.

Hiller studierte ab 2001 sie Bühnen- und Kostümbild an der Hochschule für Gestaltung Offenbach am Main und an der Hochschule für Gestaltung und Kunst Zürich, dass sie 2006 mit Auszeichnung abschloss. Im gleichen Jahr wurde sie mit dem Nachwuchsbühnenbildpreis „Offenbacher Löwe“ für ihr Diplomprojekt BLACK BOX, Theater für acht ferngesteuerte Roboter prämiert.

Sie arbeitete ab 2007 nebenbei bei Johannes Schütz am Schauspielhaus Zürich und am Deutschen Theater Berlin als Assistentin und als freie Bühnen- und Kostümbildnerin, u. a. an der Deutschen Oper Berlin, am Ballhaus Naunynstrasse Berlin, am Schauspiel Frankfurt, am Schauspielhaus Wien, am Landestheater Linz, am Staatstheater Stuttgart, am Badischen Staatstheater Karlsruhe und am Theater Ingolstadt.

Am Theater Augsburg war sie für das Bühnenbild für Brechts Herr Puntila und sein Knecht Matti, Der kleine Vampir, Die Räuber, Israel, mon amour, Verrücktes Blut und mehrere jtt-Aufführungen verantwortlich.

Zudem entwarf sie die Kostüme für Der Kirschgarten, Die Ermittlung und Die schmutzigen Hände.